CIA Directors Fast Facts | CNN



Here’s a look at directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As part of America’s intelligence community, the CIA collects information about foreign governments, organized crime and terrorist groups.

September 18, 1947 – The Central Intelligence Agency is established. It was created by President Harry S. Truman under the National Security Act of 1947.

December 2004 – President George W. Bush signs terrorism prevention legislation, changing the director of central intelligence position to the director of the CIA. Porter Goss is the first “D/CIA” after the reorganization.

William J. Burns

– March 19, 2021-present
– Appointed by President Joe Biden.
– Career Foreign Service officer
– Other Experience – Deputy Secretary of State, president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and US Ambassador to Russia and Jordan.

Sidney Souers
– January 23-June 10, 1946
– Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.
– Military Career – Rear Admiral, US Navy; Deputy Chief of Naval Intelligence
– Later Career – first Executive Secretary, National Security Council (1947-1950)

Hoyt S. Vandenberg
– June 10, 1946-May 1, 1947
– Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.
– Military Career – General, US Army Air Corps
– Later Career – Vice Chief of Staff, Air Force; Chief of Staff, Air Force

Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter
– May 1, 1947-October 7, 1950
– Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.
– November 24, 1947- Reappointed, first director under the new National Security Act
– December 8, 1947- Senate confirmation
– Military Career – Rear Admiral, US Navy; Officer in Charge of Intelligence, Staff of Pacific Commander, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz
– Later Career – Vice Admiral; Inspector General of the Navy

Walter Bedell Smith
– October 7, 1950-February 9, 1953
– Appointed by Truman.
– Military Career – Lt. General, US Army; Chief of Staff for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower; Commander, First Army
– Other Experience – Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1946-1949)
– Later Career – Undersecretary of State (1953-1954)

Allen Dulles
– February 26, 1953-November 29, 1961
– Appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
– Experience – US Diplomatic Service (1916-1926); Head, Office of Strategic Services, Bern, Switzerland (1942-1945); Deputy Director for Plans, CIA; Deputy Director, CIA

John A. McCone
– November 29, 1961-April 28, 1965
– Appointed by President John F. Kennedy.
– Military Career – Deputy Secretary of Defense; Under Secretary of the Air Force
– Other Experience – Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission

William F. Raborn Jr.
– April 28, 1965-June 30, 1966
– Appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
– Military Career – Vice Admiral; Director, US Navy Special Projects Office; Deputy Chief of Naval Operations

Richard Helms
June 30, 1966-February 2, 1973
– Appointed by Johnson.
– Military Career – US Naval Reserve
– Other experience – Office of Strategic Services (1943-1947); Deputy Director for Plans, CIA
– Later Career – US Ambassador to Iran (1973-1977)

James Schlesinger
February 3, 1973-July 2, 1973
– Appointed by President Richard M. Nixon.
– Experience – University of Virginia, Economics professor; Assistant Director, Office of Management and Budget; Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission
– Later Career – Secretary of Defense (1973-1975); Secretary of Energy (1977-1979)

William Colby
– September 4, 1973-January 30, 1976
– Appointed by Nixon.
– Military Career – US Army enlisted as 2nd Lt.
– Other Experience – Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945), moved up through the ranks of the CIA; Deputy Director for Operations, CIA; attorney

George H. W. Bush
– January 30, 1976-January 20, 1977
– Appointed by President Gerald R. Ford.
– Military Career – Navy pilot
– Other Experience – Texas Congressman; United Nations Ambassador; Chairman, Republican National Committee; Chief US Liaison Office, China
– Later Career – US Vice President and President

Stansfield Turner
– March 9, 1977-January 20, 1981
– Appointed by President Jimmy Carter.
– Military Career – Admiral, US Navy; Director, Systems Analysis Division, Office of Chief of Naval Operations; President, US Naval War College; Commander, US Second Fleet; Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe, NATO

William Casey
– January 28, 1981-January 29, 1987
– Appointed by President Ronald Reagan.
– Military Career – Officer, US Naval Reserve
– Other Experience – attorney; Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945); Chairman, SEC; Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs; president and chairman, US Export-Import Bank; President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board; manager, Reagan presidential campaign

William Webster
– May 26, 1987-August 31, 1991
– Appointed by Reagan.
– Military Career – Lieutenant, US Navy
– Other Experience – US Attorney; Judge, US District Court and US Court of Appeals 8th Circuit; Director, FBI (1978-1987)

Robert Gates
– November 6, 1991-January 20, 1993
– Appointed by George H.W. Bush.
– Experience – Intelligence analyst, CIA; National Security Council staff; Deputy Director of CIA; Chairman, National Intelligence Council; Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security Affairs; Secretary of Defense (2006-2011)

R. James Woolsey Jr.
– February 5, 1993-January 10, 1995
– Appointed by President Bill Clinton.
– Military Career – Captain, US Army
– Other Experience – National Security Council Staff; General Counsel, Senate Committee on Armed Services; Under Secretary of the Navy; Adviser with US Delegation to SALT I; Ambassador and US representative, negotiations on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

John Deutch
– May 10, 1995-December 15, 1996
– Appointed by Clinton.
– Experience – Systems analyst, Defense Department; Under Secretary of Energy; Under Secretary of Defense; Deputy Secretary of Defense
– Later Career – Professor of Chemistry, MIT

George Tenet
– July 11, 1997-July 11, 2004
– Appointed by Clinton.
– Experience – Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (1982-1988); Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs, National Security Council; Deputy Director of CIA

Porter Goss
– September 24, 2004-May 5, 2006
– Appointed by George W. Bush.
– Military Career – US Army intelligence officer
– Other Experience – clandestine service officer with the CIA; Sanibel, Florida, City Councilman, Mayor, Lee County Commission Chairman; Florida Congressman; Chairman, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

Michael Hayden
– May 30, 2006-February 13, 2009
– Appointed by George W. Bush.
– Military Career – General, US Air Force

Leon Panetta
– February 13, 2009-June 30, 2011
– Appointed by President Barack Obama.
– Military Career – Captain, US Army
– Other Experience – Chief of Staff; California Representative; Chairman, House Committee on the Budget; Director, Office of Management and Budget
– July 1, 2011-February 2013 – Secretary of Defense.

David Petraeus
– September 6, 2011-November 2, 2012
– Appointed by Obama.
– Military Career – Commander, US Central Command (CentCom); Commander, US forces in Afghanistan (USFOR-A) and NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

John Brennan
– March 8, 2013-January 20, 2017
– Appointed by Obama.
– Career – joins the CIA in 1980; Chief of Staff, CIA; Deputy Executive Director, CIA; Director of Terrorist Threat Integration Center, CIA; CEO, The Analysis Corporation

Mike Pompeo
– January 23, 2017-April 26, 2018
– Appointed by President Donald Trump
– Military Career – US Army (1986-1991)
– Other Experience – Thayer Aerospace, founder and CEO; Sentry International, president; US Representative from Kansas (2011-2017); Secretary of State (2018-2021)

Gina Haspel
– May 21, 2018-January 19, 2021
– Appointed by Trump
– Career – joins the CIA in 1985; Chief of Station; Deputy Director of the National Clandestine Service and Chief of Staff for the Director of the National Clandestine Service
– Acting CIA director after Mike Pompeo is sworn in as Secretary of State
First woman to become CIA director

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